How To Install A Shallow Well Jet Pump | Build a Stash

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Key Takeaways

  • To install a shallow well jet pump, gather essential components and tools such as a jet pump, pressure tank, pump-to-tank fittings, pipe clamps, suction piping, thread tape or pipe cement, foot or check valve.
  • To complete the installation you will need the following tools: wire cutters, wire strippers, and a pipe wrench.
  • Before beginning the installation, ensure the power supply is disconnected and drain the system's pressure and water to avoid hazards.
  • Consider adding a filter to the system to extend the life of the pump and maintain water quality.

Installing a shallow well jet pump can be a relatively easy DIY project, but it requires proper knowledge, tools, and following essential safety measures.

To install a shallow well jet pump, you'll need a jet pump, pressure tank, pump tank fittings, pipe clamps, thread tape (or pipe cement), suction piping, and a foot valve (or check valve). Additionally, you’ll need tools such as wire cutters, wire strippers, and a pipe wrench.

You can trust the information provided in this article, as it’s based on accurate and relevant sources, combined with our own knowledge and experience in the field. Our mission is to ensure that you have the right guidance to complete this project safely and effectively, so you can enjoy the benefits of a functioning shallow well jet pump without any complications or issues.

Table of contents


Selecting the Right Pump

When installing a shallow well jet pump, it's essential to select the right pump for your specific needs. There are various pump types and capacities available, and it's crucial to choose the best size for your well.

Pump Types and Capacities

Shallow well jet pumps are designed for use in wells that are 25 feet deep or less. These above-ground devices suction water up through pipes into a separate plumbing system, where it can be stored for use.

Deep-well jet pumps, on the other hand, are designed for moving water from wells as deep as 200 feet. They utilize a different mechanism, making them more suitable for deeper wells.

Choosing the Best Size

To determine the appropriate pump size for your well, you'll need to consider your water usage, the depth of your well, and the desired flow rate. The following factors can help you choose the best size for your well pump.

Well Depth

Shallow well jet pumps are ideal for wells 25 feet deep or less, while deep-well jet pumps are suitable for deeper wells.

Assess the depth of your well to make sure that you choose the right well pump!

Flow Rate

Evaluate the water usage of your household or property, and select a pump that can provide an adequate flow rate for your specific needs.

Pressure Requirements

Consider the pressure requirements of your home or property, and select a pump with sufficient pressure capabilities to meet these needs.

Always consult the manufacturer's guidelines and recommendations when selecting and installing a shallow well jet pump. Having the right pump will ensure a reliable and efficient water supply for your home or property.

Preparing for Installation

In this section, we will cover the tools and materials needed for the job, safety precautions, and selecting the right pump location.

Tools and Materials Needed

To install a shallow well jet pump, you'll need the following components:

  • Jet pump
  • Pressure Tank
  • Pump tank fittings
  • Pipe Clamps
  • Suction Piping (usually 1 ¼”)
  • Thread Tape or Pipe Cement (for sealing the joints)
  • Foot or Check Valve

Additionally, you will need some basic tools, such as:

  • Wire cutters
  • Wire strippers
  • Pipe wrench

Safety Precautions

Working with water and electricity can be dangerous if you don't take the necessary precautions.

Before beginning the installation, ensure that you:

  • Turn off the power to the area where you'll be working
  • Wear proper protective gear, like gloves and safety glasses
  • Follow the manufacturer's instructions for your specific pump model
  • Seek professional help if you're unsure about any step in the process

Selecting the Pump Location

Choosing the right location for your pump is crucial for optimal performance and easy maintenance.

Keep these factors in mind when selecting a suitable location:

  • Ensure that the total suction lift does not exceed 25 feet, as indicated in this jet pump installation manual
  • Pick a spot that's easily accessible for maintenance and adjustments
  • Verify that the location is close to a power source and has proper electrical connections
  • Avoid placing the pump in areas prone to flooding or excessive moisture

With the proper preparation, you'll be ready to install your shallow well jet pump safely and effectively.

Installing the Pump: Step-By-Step

When installing a shallow well jet pump, it is important to follow the right steps to ensure optimal operation and safety.

Step 1: Mounting the Pump

Begin by mounting the pump on a solid, level surface, ensuring it’s secure and stable. It's essential to have a sturdy pump base to prevent vibrations and reduce noise during operation.

Consult the manufacturer's recommendations for specific instructions regarding your particular pump model.

Step 2: Connecting to the Water Source

Connect the suction pipe from the well to the pump using a foot valve, ensuring all joints are airtight and watertight.

Adjusting pipe length and angles may be required to align with the pump's inlet. Make sure to support the piping to prevent stress on the pump housing.

Step 3: Connecting to the Pressure Tank

Attach the pump's outlet to the pressure tank using a pressure gauge and check valve. The pressure tank works together with the pump to maintain even water pressure and store water for demand.

Ensure the tank is filled with air to the manufacturer's recommended level before connecting it to the pump.

Step 4: Installing the Pressure Switch

Install the pressure switch according to the manufacturer's instructions, typically close to the pressure tank.

This device will automatically turn the pump on and off according to pressure variations. Be sure to use the correct pressure settings as per the pump's specifications.

Step 5: Wiring the Electrical Components

Finally, wire the electrical connections to the pump, pressure switch, and power source. Follow the pump's wiring diagram and local electrical codes for proper voltage and circuit protection.

Proper grounding is essential for safety. If unsure, consult a licensed electrician for assistance.

In summary, installing a shallow well jet pump requires attention to detail and proper connection of various components. By following the steps outlined above, you can ensure a safe and efficient installation.

Testing and Troubleshooting

Priming the Pump

Before starting the shallow well jet pump, it's essential to prime the pump to avoid running it dry, which could damage it.

To prime the pump, first, ensure the power is off. Locate the priming plug, typically found on top of the pump, and remove it.

Using a funnel, pour water into the opening until it's full. Replace the plug and turn on the power to the pump.

System Check and Testing

With the pump primed, you can now check the system to ensure it's performing as expected. Monitor the pressure gauge closely as the pump starts.

If the gauge reaches the desired pressure and the pump turns off, it indicates that the system is working correctly.

However, if the pump fails to shut off automatically or the pressure remains low, further troubleshooting may be necessary.

Identifying Common Problems

Some common issues with shallow well jet pumps may include:

  • No water delivery
  • Low water pressure
  • Pump constantly cycles on and off.

To identify the root cause, first, check for any visible leaks in the system, such as cracked or broken pipes, loose connections, or faulty valves.

Additionally, examine the pump's bearings and motor for signs of wear or damage. Finally, ensure that the pressure switch on the pump is functioning correctly.

Solutions and Tips

Once the problem has been identified, the following solutions and tips can help resolve the issue:

  • If the pump isn't primed, refer to the "Priming the Pump" section for instructions to resolve the problem.
  • For low water pressure, verify that the suction lift isn't too great and that the foot valve is fully submerged in water. Adjust accordingly if needed.
  • If the pump is constantly cycling, inspect the pressure switch for signs of wear or damage, and replace it if necessary. Also, consider adjusting the pressure switch settings.
  • For any leaks or damaged components in the system, be sure to repair or replace them immediately to ensure proper pump operation.
  • Contact a professional for assistance if troubleshooting efforts are unsuccessful or if you're unsure about how to resolve the problem. It's always better to consult an expert to prevent further damage to the pump or well system.

Regular maintenance and following proper installation procedures can help prevent many common issues with shallow well jet pumps. Keep this troubleshooting guide on hand for any future problems, and remember to call a professional for help when needed.

Maintenance and Upkeep

A crucial aspect of keeping your shallow well jet pump functioning efficiently is proper maintenance and upkeep.

Routine Inspection

Ensure that you carry out periodic inspections of the pump system. This includes examining the pump, motor, pressure tank, and electrical components for signs of wear or damage.

Watch out for leaks, rust, or abnormal noises, as these may indicate the need for repairs or replacement. It is essential to maintain a consistent inspection schedule for optimal performance and to extend the lifespan of your shallow well jet pump.

Cleaning and Lubrication

Dirt, debris, and mineral deposits can clog or damage the pump components, which may lead to reduced efficiency and potential failure.

Regular cleaning of the pump and its components is crucial, as it helps prevent buildup and ensures optimal functioning.

Additionally, lubricating the motor bearings at regular intervals, as recommended by the National Pump Company, will help reduce friction and prolong the life of the motor.

Seasonal Care

Shallow well jet pumps may require special care depending on the season. During freezing temperatures, you must take measures to prevent water from freezing inside the pump, as it can cause cracks and damage.

One way of doing this is by insulating the pump and its components, especially if they are located outdoors.

On the other hand, during warmer months, you should be cautious about overheating, which can lead to motor failure. If possible, place the pump in a shaded and well-ventilated area to avoid overheating issues.

To maintain a long-lasting, efficient shallow well jet pump, emphasize routine inspection, cleaning and lubrication, and seasonal care. By following these guidelines, your pump system will operate smoothly, serving your water supply needs for an extended period.